Turkish Journal of Urology
FEMALE UROLOGY - Original Article

Vesicovaginal fistula repair experiences in a single center high volume of 33 years and necessity of cystostomy

1.

Department of Urology, Atatürk University Faculty of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey

2.

Anesthesiology Clinical Research Office, Atatürk University Faculty of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey

3.

Department of Urology, Health Science University, Erzurum Regional Training and Research Hospital, Erzurum, Turkey

4.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Atatürk University Faculty of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey

Turk J Urol 2021; 47: 66-72
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2020.20080
Read: 96 Downloads: 25 Published: 20 August 2020

Objective: The aim of this study was to retrospectively examine the patients who underwent surgical treatment for vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) repair in our clinic, to evaluate our surgical preferences, success, and treatment results, to compare these with the literature, and firstly to reveal the necessity of cystostomy and its effect on treatment success.

Material and methods: Between 1985 and 2018, a retrospective evaluation was performed on the records of 102 patients who underwent surgical treatment for VVF repair. All cases underwent a detailed physical examination and had their routine laboratory tests and imaging methods. In obese patients, a Foley catheter was moved into the bladder through the fistula tract, then inflated in order to push the vagina and bladder wall upwards. A transurethral catheter was used in all cases, and cystostomy was used in 58 (56.9%).

Results: The most common cause was prior hysterectomy for benign diseases in 35 (34.31%) cases. Among a total of 102 cases with for VVF, 95 (93.1%) were primary, 5 (4.9%) secondary, and 2 (1.9%) tertiary. The transvesical and O’Connor approaches (transabdominal) were performed in 61 (59.8%) and 41 (40.2%) cases, respectively. Transvaginal approach was not used in any of the cases. Cystostomy was applied in 58 (56.9%) of cases and not applied in 44 (43.1%).

Conclusion: Complete excision of the fistula tract and sealing of the layers separately using the water-tight technique are extremely crucial factors to increase the success rate of VVF repair. In cases where good transurethral drainage is ensured, cystostomy is unnecessary and may increase the risk of infection.

Cite this article as: Özkaya F, Cinislioğlu AE, Aksoy Y, Adanur Ş, Topdağı Yılmaz EP, Polat Ö, et al. Vesicovaginal fistula repair experiences in a single center high volume of 33 years and necessity of cystostomy. Turk J Urol 2021; 47(1): 66-72.

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