Turkish Journal of Urology
PEDIATRIC UROLOGY - Original Article

Genetic polymorphisms in CLDN14 (rs219780) and ALP (rs1256328) genes are associated with risk of nephrolithiasis in Egyptian children

1.

Department of Pediatrics, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt

2.

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

3.

Departments of Clinical Pathology, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt

Turk J Urol 2021; 47: 73-80
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2020.20141
Read: 144 Downloads: 21 Published: 09 October 2020

Objective: Nephrolithiasis results from metabolic and anatomic abnormalities together with genetic factors. Claudin 14 (CLDN14) is a protein that regulates the passage of small solutes through the kidneys. Alkaline phosphatase (ALPL) hydrolyzes the pyrophosphate to free phosphate, proposing its enabling role in nephrolithiasis development. Solute carrier family 13 member 2 (SLC13A2) encodes Na+-Pi cotransporter 2a, which is responsible for the renal absorption of phosphate. We aimed to detect the association between CLDN14, ALPL, and SLC13A2 genetic variants and susceptibility to nephrolithiasis in the Egyptian pediatric population.

Material and methods: We enrolled 204 consecutive pediatric patients with nephrolithiasis, and 126 normal individuals served as controls. Real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis of CLDN14 rs219780, ALPL rs1256328, and SLC34A1 rs11746443 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) was performed.

Results: We found that individuals carrying the T allele of CLDN14 rs219780 and ALPL rs1256328 SNPs had a significantly higher risk of nephrolithiasis than the controls (p=0.001 and 0.001, respectively). Genetic association analyses identified that CLDN14 rs219780 and ALPL rs1256328SNPs were significantly associated with the nephrolithiasis status (odds ratio [OR] =4.51; 95% confidence interval [CI]=2.758–7.374; p=0.001 and OR=6.088; 95% CI=3.651–10.152; p=0.001, respectively). The sequence variant ALPL rs1256328 T allele had a significant correlation with the increased serum alkaline phosphatase levels in children with nephrolithiasis (p=0.02). No significant association was found between SLC34A1 rs11746443 SNP and the risk of nephrolithiasis (p=0.5).

Conclusion: CLDN14 rs219780 and ALPL rs1256328 SNPs might raise the risk of nephrolithiasis in Egyptian children, and might be used as genetic markers in these patients.

Cite this article as: Elshamaa MF, Fadel FI, Kamel S, Farouk H, Alahmady M, Ramadan Y. Genetic polymorphisms in CLDN14 (rs219780) and ALPL (rs1256328) genes are associated with risk of nephrolithiasis in Egyptian children. Turk J Urol 2021; 47(1): 73-80.

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