Turkish Journal of Urology

Owner and Responsible Manager
Ateş KADIOĞLU
Department of Urology, İstanbul University İstanbul School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-4239-7638

Editor in Chief 
Murat BOZLU 
Department of Urology, Mersin University School of Medicine, Mersin, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-8624-0149

Co-Editor 
Bhaskar K. SOMANI
Urological Surgery Department, University Hospital Southampton NHS Trust, Southampton, UK
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-6248-6478

Associate Editors 
Andrology (Sexual Medicine and Male Infertility)
Selahittin ÇAYAN
Department of Urology, Mersin University School of Medicine, Mersin, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4784-2208

Endourology
Emrah YÜRÜK
Department of Urology, Bağcılar Hospital, University of Health Sciences, İstanbul, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-2343-8828

General Urology
Fikret ERDEMİR 
Department of Urology, Gaziosmanpaşa University School of Medicine, Tokat, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3744-1681

Neuro/Female Urology
Ömer BAYRAK
Department of Urology, Gaziantep University School of Medicine, Gaziantep, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 000-0001-5542-1572

Pediatric Urology
Tayfun OKTAR
Department of Urology, İstanbul University İstanbul School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-7719-2440

Uro-Oncology
Asıf YILDIRIM
Department of Urology, İstanbul Medeniyet University Göztepe Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
[email protected]
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3386-971X

Biostatistical Editor
Halim İŞSEVER
Department of Public Health, İstanbul University İstanbul School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

International Editorial Board
Fatih ATUĞ
Department of Urology, İstanbul Bilim University Florence Nightingale Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

Bülent AKDUMAN
Department of Urology, Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit University School of Medicine, Zonguldak, Turkey

Barış ALTAY
Department of Urology, Ege University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey

Dean ASSIMOS
Department of Urology, Alabama University School of Medicine, Alabama, USA

Gopal H. BADLANI
Long Island Jewish Medical Center, New York, USA

Derya BALBAY
Department of Urology, Koç University Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

Michael L. BLUTE
Department of Urology, Mayo Clinic, Minnesota, USA

Guy BOGAERT
Department of Urology, UZ Leuven University, Antwerp, Belgium

Marco BORGHESI
Department of Urology, University of Genova, Italy

Collin P. DINNEY
Department of Urology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA

Roger Roman DMOCHOWSKI
Department of Urology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, USA

Esteban EMILLIANI
Department of Urology, Endourology and Urolithiasis Unit, Fundación Puigvert, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain

Shin EGAWA
Department of Urology, Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan

Randy FAGIN
Texas Institute for Robotic Surgery, Texas, USA

Rüştü Cankon GERMİYANOĞLU
Department of Urology, Ondokuz Mayıs University School of Medicine, Samsun, Turkey

Ali Serdar GÖZEN
SLK-Kliniken, Department of Urology, Heidelberg University teaching Hospital, Heilbronn, Germany

Selçuk GÜVEN
Department of Urology, Medipol Hospital School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

H. Barton GROSSMAN
Department of Urology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA

Zeeshan HAMEED
Department of Urology and Renal Transplant, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, India

Rizwan HAMID
Department of Urology, University College London Hospitals & London Spinal Injures Unit, Stanmore, London, UK

Sender HERSCHORN
Department of Urology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Didier JACQMIN
Department of Urology, Hospital Civil, Strasbourg, France

Klaus Peter JUENEMANN
Department of Urology and Paediatric Urology, Keil Campus of University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel, Germany

Ateş KADIOĞLU
Department of Urology, İstanbul University İstanbul School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Panagiotis KALLIDONIS
Department of Urology, University of Patras, Patras, Greece

Guido KAMPHUIS
Department Urology, Amsterdam University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Muammer KENDİRCİ
Department of Urology, İstinye University School of Medicine, Liv Hospital Ulus, İstanbul, Turkey

Martin KOYLE
Division of Urology, Seattle Children’s Hospital, Seattle, WA, USA

Sanjay Balwant KULKARNI
Kulkarni School of Urethral Surgery, Pune, India

Suks MINHAS
Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, Honorary Senior Lecturer, Imperial College, London, UK

Victor NITTI
Department of Urology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, USA

A. Rahmi ONUR
Department of Urology, Marmara University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Athanasios PAPATSORIS
2nd Department of Urology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, School of Medicine, Sismanoglio Hospital, Athens, Greece

Anup PATEL
Nationwide Children's Hospital and The Ohio State University College of Medicine Columbus, OH, USA

Louis L. PISTERS
Department of Urology, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA

Hein Van POPPEL
Department of Urology, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

Kemal SARICA
Department of Urology, Kafkas University School of Medicine, Kars, Turkey

İlker SEÇKİNER
Department of Urology, Gaziantep University School of Medicine, Gaziantep, Turkey

Ajay K. SINGLA
Department of Urology, School of Medicine, Toledo University, Ohio, USA

Andreas SKOLARIKOS
2nd Department of Urology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Sismanogleio Hospital, Athens, Greece

Prasanna SOORIAKUMARAN
Department of Urology, University College London Hospitals, London, UK

Burak TURNA
Department of Urology, Ege University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey

Barış TÜRKBEY
Molecular Imaging Program, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA

Kadir TÜRKÖLMEZ
Department of Urology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey;

Mustafa USTA
Department of Urology, Akdeniz University School of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey

Nikhil VASDEV
Hertfordshire and Bedfordshire Urological Cancer Centre, Lister Hospital (East and North Herts NHS Trust), Watford General Hospital (West Herts NHS Trust), UK

Run WANG
University of Texas McGovern Medical School at Houston and MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA

M. Önder YAMAN
Department of Urology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Selçuk YÜCEL
Department of Urology, Marmara University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey



Publisher
İbrahim KARA

Publication Director
Ali ŞAHİN

Editorial Development
Gizem KAYAN

Finance and Administration
Zeynep YAKIŞIRER ÜREN

Deputy Publication Director
Gökhan ÇİMEN

Publication Coordinators
Betül ÇİMEN
İrem DELİÇAY
Arzu YILDIRIM

Project Coordinators
Sinem KOZ
Doğan ORUÇ

Graphics Department
Ünal ÖZER
Deniz DURAN
Beyzanur KARABULUT

ISSN2149-3235 EISSN 2149-3057