Turkish Journal of Urology
UROONCOLOGY - Original Article

The effect of peritoneal re-approximation on lymphocele formation in transperitoneal robot-assisted radical prostatectomy and extended pelvic lymphadenectomy

1.

Department of Urology, Health Sciences University, Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Antalya, Turkey

2.

Department of Urology, Necmettin Erbakan University Meram Faculty of Medicine, Konya, Turkey

3.

Department of Urology, Private Memorial Antalya Hospital, Antalya, Turkey

Turk J Urol 2020; 46: 460-467
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2020.20255
Read: 105 Downloads: 28 Published: 20 August 2020

Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of peritoneal re-approximation at the end of the procedure in transperitoneal robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (tRARP) and extended pelvic lymphadenectomy (ePLND) on operative, oncologic, and symptomatic lymphocele rates.

Material and methods: A total of 79 patients were included in the study who underwent tRARP and bilateral ePLND performed by two different experienced surgeons. One of the surgeons performed the peritoneal re-approximation (Group 1, n=41) and the other did not re-approximate the peritoneum (Group 2, n=38) at the end of the procedure in tRARP and ePLND. Operative parameters and symptomatic lymphocele rates were compared between the groups.

Results: There were no significant differences between the preoperative parameters age, body mass index, and preoperative prostate-specific antigen values (p>0.05). The perioperative parameters were as follows: the operation time and estimated blood loss (EBL) was less, and the number of removed lymph nodes was higher in Group 2. However, only the difference in the EBL was statistically significant (p=0.03). Hospitalization time, symptomatic lymphocele, intervention requiring lymphocele, and complication rates were found to be less in Group 2, but only hospitalization time was statistically significant (p=0.04). Pathological parameters were similar for both groups. There was a significant correlation between lymph node positivity and the presence of symptomatic lymphocele in the correlation analysis (p=0.05).

Conclusion: It has been shown in this study that the re-approximation of the peritoneum does not provide any additional benefit in terms of complications. Considering that this process also increases the operation time and lymphocele formation, we think there is no need for re-approximation after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy.

Cite this article as: Boğa MS, Sönmez MG, Karamık K, Yılmaz K, Savaş M, Ateş M. The effect of peritoneal re-approximation on lymphocele formation in transperitoneal robot-assisted radical prostatectomy and extended pelvic lymphadenectomy. Turk J Urol 2020; 46(6): 460-7.

Files
ISSN 2149-3235 EISSN 2149-3057