Turkish Journal of Urology
ENDOUROLOGY - Review

Is Thulium laser enucleation of prostate an alternative to Holmium and TURP surgeries -A systematic review?

1.

Canterburry University, Working as Specialty Registrar at Medway Maritime Hospital, Kent, UK

2.

Consultant Urological Surgeon & Lead Clinician, Darent Valley Hospital, Dartford Professor, Canterbury Christ Church University, UK

3.

Consultant Urological Surgeon, Medway Maritime Hospital, Kent UK

4.

Consultant Urological Surgeon & Lead Cancer Clinician, Darent Valley Hospital, Dartford Visiting Professor, Canterbury Christ Church University, UK

Turk J Urol 2020; 46: 419-426
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2020.20202
Read: 150 Downloads: 55 Published: 12 October 2020

To assess efficacy and safety of Thulium laser enucleation of prostate (ThuLEP) for benign prostatic hyperplasia. It is a systemic review based on a comprehensive search of PubMed, Cochrane, and Google scholar databases from inception to 31 March 2020. All studies in English evaluating ThuLEP as well as those comparing it with Transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) and Holmium Laser enucleation of prostate (HoLEP) were enrolled. The primary outcome was to evaluate operative, postoperative, and functional outcomes (IPSS, QoL, Qmax, PVR) in patients undergoing ThuLEP. Secondary outcome was to compare operative, postoperative, and functional outcomes with TURP and HoLEP in comparative studies. Fourteen studies with a total of 2,562 patients were included in this review. 2,034 underwent ThuLEP, 349 underwent TURP, and remaining 139 had HoLEP. We found that ThuLEP is safe as well as efficacious in all age groups as well as across all prostate sizes and with all four functional outcomes (IPSS, QoL, Qmax, PVR) revealing marked improvement at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months. Compared to TURP and HoLEP, Thulep is non-inferior in terms of operative and functional outcomes and, in fact, is associated with lesser catheterization duration as well as shorter hospital stay. Further, Thulium fiber laser (TFL) has advantages of being light weight, having high frequency, less fiber degradation, and less energy consumption, making it cost effective for operational and maintenance purpose. ThuLEP is a safe, efficacious, and cost-effective procedure for BPE.

Cite this article as: Wani MM, Sriprasad S, Bhat T, Madaan S. Is Thulium laser enucleation of prostate an alternative to Holmium and TURP surgeries - A systematic review? Turk J Urol 2020; 46(6): 419-26.

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ISSN 2149-3235 EISSN 2149-3057