Turkish Journal of Urology
GENERAL UROLOGY - Original Article

Factors affecting outcome of adult hypospadias single stage repair: A prospective observational study


Department of Urology & Renal Transplant, ABVIMS & Dr. RML Hospital, New Delhi, India


Department of General Surgery, MGIMS, Wardha, India

Turk J Urol 2021; 47: 420-426
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2021.21163
Read: 230 Downloads: 76 Published: 30 September 2021

Objective: In our part of the world, many patients present with hypospadias in adult age, where results are often poor and associated with increased complications. This study was conducted to assess the factors affecting outcome of single stage hypospadias surgery in adults.

Material and methods: This study included patients (>12 years) undergoing hypospadias repair in single stage. Preoperative factors were assessed and outcome parameters including early complications (within 1 month) and late complications (after 1 month) were studied and statistically analyzed. 

Results: Of the 31 patients included (mean age 20.8 6 7.87 years), 38.7% had a history of previous surgery. Mean glans width was 17.54 6 1.78mm. Postoperatively, the median hospital stay was 5 days (range: 4- 10 days), and the median catheter duration was 21 days (range: 7-21 days). Overall complication rate was 54.83% at 6-month follow-up. Early complications comprised of infection, skin necrosis, and dehiscence of suture line. Late complications included urethrocutaneous fistula, glans dehiscence, and urethral stricture. On performing univariate logistic regression, glans width, urethral plate width and shape, and history of previous surgery were significant risk factors of postsurgery complications. On multivariate logistic regression, glans width was an independent significant risk factor (odds ratio: 0.197).

Conclusion: Several factors are associated with significant complications in adult hypospadias single stage repair. Among the various risk factors, glans width is an independent significant risk factor affecting outcome.

Cite this article as: Goel HK, Tirthraj CM, Kabra S, Gahlawat S, Sharma U, Sood R. Factors affecting outcome of adult hypospadias single stage repair: A prospective observational study. Turk J Urol. 2021; 47(5): 420-426

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