ISSN 2149-3235 | E-ISSN 2149-3057
Original Article
Spectrum of urologic complications in obstetrics and gynecology: 13 years’ experience from a tertiary referral center
1 Department of Urology, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India  
Turk J Urol 2019; 45: 212-217
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2018.92072
Key Words: Equitable healthcare; vesicovaginal fistula; urethrovaginal fistula; ureterovaginal fistula; Youssef’s syndrome


Objective: To analyze the patterns of presentation and management for urologic complications of obstetrics and gynecology in the form of genitourinary fistulas at a tertiary referral center and highlight the social issues associated with them.


Material and methods: We conducted this retrospective study analyzing 311 patients with genitourinary fistulas after obstetric and gynecologic surgeries between January 2005 and January 2018. We recorded the patients’ characteristics and area of residence and then analyzed the etiology, surgical management and success rates by grouping the patients into four types of genitourinary fistulas. The primary end point of success was patient being leak free.


Results: Majority of patients (90.4%) were from rural areas. The distribution of genitourinary fistulas in ­descending order was vesicovaginal (79.7%), ureterovaginal (11.8%), urethrovaginal (10.2%) and vesicouterine fistulas (2.6%). The mean time to presentation was 25.80±48.69 days with a wide range of 10 days to 360 months. The most common etiology was obstructed labour (58.5%) followed by abdominal hysterectomy (32.7%). For vesicovaginal fistulas the route to be used for repair depended on surgeon’s preference and both transabdominal and transvaginal routes had almost equal success rates. The success rate of laparoscopic vesicovaginal fistula repair was 89.4% and all (100%) laparoscopic ureteroneocystostomies were successful.


Conclusion: Genitourinary fistulas especially due to obstructed labour are still common in developing world showcasing the problem of inequitable distribution of healthcare. The surgical treatment approach depends on the surgeon’s familiarity with the said procedure although versatility is required.


Cite this article as: Kumar M, Pandey S, Goel A, Sharma D, Garg G, Aggarwal A. Spectrum of urologic complications in obstetrics and gynecology: 13 years’ experience from a tertiary referral center. Turk J Urol 2019; 45(3): 212-7.

Key Words
AVES | Copyright © 2019 Turkish Association of Urology | Latest Update: 16.09.2019