ISSN 2149-3235 | E-ISSN 2149-3057
Case Report
Management of ureteral endometriosis and review of the literature
1 Department of Urology, Ege University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey  
Turk J Urol ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2018.21605
Key Words: Endometriosis; hydronephrosis; magnetic resonance imaging; open surgery; ureter.

Endometriosis can affect 10-15% of the women in their reproductive age and it is characterized with the presence of the functional endometrium tissue outside the uterine cavity. Up to 10% of the cases with urinary system endometriosis may involve the ureter. Left distal ureter is the most common site of involvement. The differentiation between intrinsic and extrinsic endometriosis is very substantial for the selection and application of definitive treatment. Medical and surgical treatment alternatives are available for endometriosis management and histopathologic examination is required for definitive diagnosis. In this case report, a 33-year-old patient underwent segmental ureter excision and ureteroureteral anastomosis due to endometriosis causing obstruction in the left distal ureter. The operation was performed through a left Gibson incision and a 6 Fr double J stent was implanted in the ureter. The stent was removed after 4 weeks and the control magnetic resonance imaging-urography was performed at 3 months postoperatively. Obstruction and hydroureteronephrosis were observed to be completely regressed in control. If there is no other obvious etiology for the presence of unilateral hydroureteronephrosis in women in their reproductive age, the diagnosis of endometriosis should be considered.


Cite this article as: Kızılay F, Şimşir A, Nazlı O. Management of ureteral endometriosis and review of the literature. Turk J Urol 2018. DOI: 10.5152/tud.2018.2160

Key Words
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