ISSN 2149-3235 | E-ISSN 2149-3057
Original Article
Oxidative stress markers: Can they be used to evaluate human sperm quality?
1 Institute for Research in Biomedicine Ibimed, Health Sciences Program, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal  
2 Centre for Cell Biology, Department of Biology, Health Sciences Department, University Of Aveiro, Campus Universitário De Santiago, Aveiro, Portugal  
3 Ferticentro, Center for Fertility Studies, Praceta Prof. Robalo Cordeiro, Circular Externa De Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal  
4 Qopna, Chemistry Department, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário De Santiago, Aveiro, Portugal  
Turk J Urol 2015; 41: 198-207
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2015.06887
Key Words: Human sperm; infrared spectroscopy; lifestyle; reactive oxygen species
Abstract

Objective: To study the effects of an acute lifestyle change in human semen oxidative stress (OS) by applying seminal parameters and OS markers and to study the feasibility of mid-infrared spectroscopy with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) as a complementary tool to evaluate the effects of OS on human sperm samples.

 

Material and methods: Sperm samples were collected from healthy male students (n=8) who voluntarily submitted themselves to acute lifestyle changes during academic festivities. The samples were obtained before and after the academic festivities and were compared by basic semen analyses and OS markers, namely with thiobarbituric acid reactive species (TBARS) and total thiol (SH) groups by spectrophotometric assays and carbonyl (CO) groups by slot blot. The samples were also submitted for spectroscopic analysis to evaluate the feasibility of FT-IR coupled with multivariate analysis to calibrate OS biomarkers. Statistical analysis was performed applying paired Wilcoxon tests.

 

Results: Acute lifestyle alterations during academic week festivities were associated with a significant decrease in the percentage of normal spermatozoa in the ejaculate (p=0.011) and a decrease in sperm concentration and in semen volume. Regarding OS, acute lifestyle changes promoted a significant increment of TBARS (p=0.018) and an increasing trend in the SH group. With FT-IR and multivariate analysis, it was possible to develop calibration models to the following protein OS biomarkers: SH groups and CO.

 

Conclusions: Acute lifestyle changes during academic festivities have negative effects on sperm quality, in both conventional seminal parameters and OS markers. The evaluation of OS biomarkers and FT-IR could improve andrology diagnosis and therapeutic follow-up.

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