ISSN 2149-3235 | E-ISSN 2149-3057
Original Article
Utility of Mitrofanoff as bladder draining tool: A single center experience in pediatric patients
1 Department of Urology, Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan  
2 Shifa College of Medicine, Islamabad, Pakistan  
3 Khyber Medical University, Hayatabad, Pakistan  
Turk J Urol 2019; 45: 42-47
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2018.86836
Key Words: Children; continent catheterizable conduit; mitrofanoff.

Objective: Mitrofanoff procedure has been employed commonly as bladder draining tool in patients unable to do clean intermittent self catheterization through native urethera. Single centre experience of pediatric age group patients undergoing Mitrofanoff procedure has been presented here.


Material and methods: It was a retrospective study of 29 children who underwent continent catheterizable conduit (CCC), from January 2009 till March 2017. Charts were reviewed for age, gender, presenting complaints, need for augmentation cystoplasty, Mitrofanoff channel source such as appendix or ileal patch, duration of surgery in minutes, hospital stay in days, per operative and postoperative complications. Preoperative evaluation of the children was done by doing complete blood picture, serum electrolytes, and renal function tests. Radiological evaluation included ultrasound kidney,ureter and bladder, voiding cystourethrography, urodynamic analysis and a nuclear renal scan with 99m Technetium dimercapto-succinic acid or MAG-3 scan. The abdominal end of the conduit was brought through the abdominal wall, and a stoma was fashioned by the V-quadrilateral-Z technique.


Results: Twenty nine children having mean age of 9.54±4.88 years underwent CCC. There were 19 males (65.51%) and 10 females (34.48%). Children who underwent CCC included 18 children having neurogenic bladder, 2 cases of urethral trauma/stricture 3 patients with history of posterior uretheral valve and 6 patients with exstrophy bladder. Augmentation cystoplasty plus mitrofanoff was done in 18 children while only mitrofanoff in 11 children. Stuck catheter was seen in one patient which was removed successfully via normal urethral route under general anesthesia. Stomal stenosis in first year was noted in 4 patients (13.79%).


Conclusion: Continent catheterizable conduit based on Mitrofanoff principle have durable outcome over long term follow up in terms of urinary continence and complications.


 Cite this article as: Iqbal N, Syed OZ, Bukhari AH, Sheikh AAE, Mahmud US, Khan F, et al. Utility of Mitrofanoff as bladder draining tool: A single center experience in pediatric patients. Turk J Urol 2019; 45(1): 42-7.

Key Words
AVES | Copyright © 2019 Turkish Association of Urology | Latest Update: 05.07.2019