Turkish Journal of Urology
FEMALE UROLOGY - Surgical Technique

Technical modifications in dorsal onlay female urethroplasty: Time to make way for amendments


Department of Urology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Uttarakhand, India

Turk J Urol 2021; 47: 170-174
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2020.20375
Read: 114 Downloads: 51 Published: 20 November 2020

Objective: Surgical treatment for female urethral stricture is varied and lacks consensus. Dorsal and ventral approaches of urethroplasty have comparable success rate with debatable limitations. We describe modifications in dorsal onlay graft urethroplasty to mitigate the surgical limitations and improve functional outcomes.

Material and methods: We retrospectively analyzed 8 patients with strictures treated with dorsal onlay urethroplasty at our center. The inclusion criteria were American Urology Association (AUA) score >20, calibration <14 Fr, positive voiding cystourethrogram, urodynamics with maximum urine flow rate (Qmax) <12 mL/s, detrusor pressure at maximum flow >24 cmH2O, and urethroscopic visualization of the stricture. Surgical modifications included dorsal plane dissection away from the clitoris; limited lateral urethral dissection; omitting graft quilting onto the clitoris, and urethral slitting directly at the stricture site (for mid and proximal strictures), sparing the meatus and using canoe-shaped grafts for distal strictures. Success was defined as improvement in the AUA scores and Qmax >12 mL/s, without requiring any further intervention. 

Results: The mean age was 50.5±10.6 years. Statistically significant improvements in mean AUA score [14.5±2.20 (p=0.012)], Qmax [23.63±2.44 (p=0.012)], post-void residual urine [107.88±40.37 (p=0.012)], and sexual function scores [6.833±2.23 (p=0.027)] were noted at a mean follow-up of 3 months. Distal strictures were more common. Mean urethral caliber was 9.62 Fr. No cases of de novo incontinence or sexual dissatisfaction were reported.

Conclusion: In our experience, the dorsal onlay technique works well, but without a comparative evidence for ventral onlay, it is difficult to conclude that one is preferred over the other.

Cite this article as: Mittal A, Sarin I, Bahuguna G, Narain TA, Bhirud DP, Ranjan SK, et al. Technical modifications in dorsal onlay female urethroplasty: Time to make way for amendments. Turk J Urol 2021; 47(2): 170-4.

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