Turkish Journal of Urology
GENERAL UROLOGY - Original Article

Percutaneous nephrostomy in Ureteropelvic junction obstruction with poorly functioning kidney: Is it still pertinent in adults?

1.

Department of Urology and Renal Transplantation, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India

2.

Department of Urology, Maharani Laxmi Bai Medical College, Jhansi, India

Turk J Urol 2022; 48: 229-235
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2022.22050
Read: 249 Downloads: 51 Published: 01 May 2022

Objective: To determine the pertinence of percutaneous nephrostomy drainage in adult patients of primary ureteropelvic junction obstruction with poorly functioning kidneys (<20% split renal function).

Material and methods: Clinical records of all patients with primary ureteropelvic junction obstruction with poorly functioning kidneys who underwent percutaneous nephrostomy drainage in our institute between February 2015 and January 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were divided into 4 groups according to their split renal function obtained from the Tc-99m ethylenedicysteine diuretic renogram. Group I consisted of all patients having split renal function ≤5%, group II with split renal function 6-10%, groupIII with split renal function 11-15%, and finally group IV with split renal function 16-20%. Those patients inwhom split renal function was improved by >10% and had daily percutaneous nephrostomy output >400 mL, underwent pyeloplasty and the rest underwent nephrectomy.

Results: Seventy-two patients were studied, out of which 5 were in group I, 20 in groups II and III each, and27 in group IV. The mean age of presentation was 34.4 ± 14 years. The split renal function improvement of>10% was seen in 55 patients (76.4%) after percutaneous nephrostomy drainage (P < .05). Pyeloplasty wasdone in 40 patients (55.6%) and nephrectomy was done in 32 patients (44.4%).

Conclusion: In conclusion, we recommend the use of a Tc-99m ethylenedicysteine scan for estimation of split renal function during the initial presentation in every patient followed by reconstructive surgery if split renal function is above 15% and nephrectomy if it is below 5%. The trial of percutaneous nephrostomy is pertinent if split renal function is between 6% and 15%.

Cite this article as: Singh UP, Kakoti S, Sureka SK, et al. Percutaneous nephrostomy in ureteropelvic junction obstruction with poorly functioning kidney: Is it still pertinent in adults? Turk J Urol. 2022;48(3):229-235.

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