Turkish Journal of Urology
ANDROLOGY - Invited Review

Novel Algorithm for the Management of Hematospermia


Department of Urology, Mersin City Training and Research Hospital, Mersin, Turkey


Department of Urology, Mersin University Faculty of Medicine, Mersin, Turkey

Turk J Urol 2022; 48: 398-405
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2020.20428
Read: 461 Downloads: 35 Published: 01 November 2022

Hematospermia or hemospermia is traditionally defined as the presence of fresh or altered blood in semen. Several factors might cause hematospermia, including infectious, inflammatory, iatrogenic, traumatic, structural, neoplastic, vascular, and systemic factors. The main aim of evaluation is to identify significant or treatable underlying causes of hematospermia and to re-assure the patient if no causative factor is detected after full evaluation. This review aims novel management of hematospermia, including a detailed history, physical examination, appropriate laboratory investigations, and diagnostic imaging, based on underlying causes of hematospermia.

Cite this article as: Efesoy O, Çayan S, Akbay, E. Novel algorithm for the management of hematospermia. Turk J Urol. 2022;48(6):398-405.


EISSN 2149-3057