Turkish Journal of Urology
UROONCOLOGY - Original Article

Is Retzius-sparing robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy effective in early continence? A single-center experience of the first 50 patients

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Department of Urology, University of Health Sciences, Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Antalya, Turkey

Turk J Urol 2021; 47: 125-130
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2020.20411
Read: 179 Downloads: 80 Published: 20 November 2020

Objective: In this study, we aimed to present the perioperative and postoperative outcomes and early continence rates of the first 50 patients who underwent Retzius-sparing robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RS-RALP) in our clinic for prostate adenocarcinoma.

Material and methods: Between December 2018 and December 2019, 50 patients who underwent RS-RALP by 2 surgeons in our clinic were enrolled in the study. Preoperative, perioperative, and postoperative clinical data were analyzed retrospectively. Procedure-specific complications were graded according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. The continence status of the patients was recorded in the 1st week, 1st month, and 3rd month after catheter removal. Zero pads or 1 safety pad per day was accepted as total continence.

Results: The mean age of the patients was 66.6 (57–75) years. According to the D’Amico classification, 36% of patients were at low risk, 48% at intermediate risk, and 16% at high risk. Bilateral or unilateral nerve-sparing procedure was performed in 76% of the patients. There were no intraoperative complications. A total of 9 (18%) patients had a postoperative complication (7 with grade 1, 1 with grade 2, and 1 with grade 3 complications). Whereas 32% of the patients had an extraprostatic extension, 22% had seminal vesicle invasion. The overall positive surgical margin rate was 26%. At 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after surgery, 64%, 80%, and 92% of men who underwent RS-RALP were continent, respectively.

Conclusion: Our study showed that this new surgical technique can be a safe and feasible method because high rates of early continence were achieved in the patients who underwent RS-RALP without increasing the risk of complications.

Cite this article as: Yılmaz K, Özsoy Ç, Ölçücü MT, Aksaray EE, Okuducu Y, Ateş M. Is Retzius-sparing robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy effective in early continence? A single-center experience of the first 50 patients. Turk J Urol 2021; 47(2): 125-30.

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