Turkish Journal of Urology
ENDOUROLOGY - Original Article

Crossing Vessel in Pelvi Ureteric Junction Obstruction: A Histopathological Analysis

1.

Department of Urology and Renal Transplantation, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

2.

Department of Pathology, Mayo Institute of Medical Sciences, Gadia, Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh, India

3.

Department of Pediatrics, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Turk J Urol 2022; 48: 294-298
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2022.22012
Read: 70 Downloads: 23 Published: 01 July 2022

Objective: The aim of the study is to identify whether crossing vessel is a cause or an associated finding in Pelvi Ureteric Junction Obstruction.

Material and methods: This is a prospective study of a total of 128 patients who underwent laparoscopic pyeloplasty from January 2016 to June 2020. All patients who underwent laparoscopic pyeloplasty and pelvi ureteric junction segments were sent for histopathological examination. The presence of crossing vessels is documented intraoperative and patients were divided into two groups, group 1 having pelvi ureteric junction obstruction with crossing vessel, and group 2, pelvi ureteric junction obstruction without crossing vessels. Histopathological examination findings of pelvi ureteric junction segment including inflammation, fibrosis, muscle hypertrophy, muscle disarray, and synaptophysin were recorded. Unpaired Student t-test was used for comparing differences between continuous normally distributed data from 2 samples and non-parametric tests were applied for continuous data.

Results: Of the total 128 patients, crossing vessels were identified in 42 (32.8%), and 86 (67.2%) were without crossing vessels. The demographic profile of patients between the 2 groups was comparable. On histopathological examination, moderate-to-severe chronic inflammation was seen in 23.8% and 44.2% (P > .05) in group 1 and group 2, respectively; fibrosis and muscular hypertrophy were higher in group 2 but statistically insignificant (P > .05), and muscle disarray was higher in group 1 but statistically insignificant (P > .05). Synaptophysin was positive in 4.8% and 4.7% in group 1 and group 2, respectively.

Conclusion: The differences in histopathological examination between the 2 groups were not statistically significant. However, in patients with crossing vessels, there was a higher degree of inflammation, which may lead to early pelvi ureteric junction obstruction.

Cite this article as: Singh SK, Singh A, Yadav KK, et al. Crossing vessel in pelvi ureteric junction obstruction: A histopathological analysis. Turk J Urol. 2022;48(4):294-298.

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