Turkish Journal of Urology
Andrology

CAUSES OF SILDENAFIL CITRATE TREATMENT DISCONTINUATION IN PATIENTS WITH ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION

1.

Kırıkkale Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Üroloji Anabilim Dalı, KIRIKKALE

2.

Ankara Numune Hastanesi 3. Üroloji Kliniği, ANKARA

Turk J Urol 2001; 27: 363-367
Read: 824 Downloads: 636 Published: 25 July 2019

Abstract

Introduction: Although there are many methods in the treatment of erectile dysfunction, no one is

successful and sufficient in all the patients. Sildenafil treatment has been found the most successful method

among ED treatments. In spite of high efficacy of sildenafil, some patients still stop sildenafil treatment due to

various reasons. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the causes of sildenafil citrate treatment

discontinuation in the patients with erectile dysfunction.

Materials and Methods: A total of 217 patients who admitted to our outpatient clinic due to erectile

dysfunction were included in the study. They were evaluated with a detailed medical and sexual history and

physical examination. Erectile function was assessed with IIEF scores before and after the treatment. The

patients’ ages ranged from 22 to 74 years (52.3±11.7). They suffered from erectile dysfunction for 34.3±31.3

months (2-240 months). Sildenafil citrate 50 mg was given for a month. At the end of this period, patients were

re-evaluated and questioned about the efficacy of sildenafil citrate, its’ side effects and whether they wanted to

continue the treatment or not. Later, sildenafil 100 mg was recommended to patients desiring to use higher

dose of it, and they were questioned 4 week later. Finally, the efficacy and side effects of sildenafil was

evaluated, and the causes of dropout were obtained from the patients who discontinued sildenafil treatment.

Results: At the 4th week control, sufficient erection was observed in 163 patients (75.1%), no erection was

encountered in 54 patients (24.9%). Out of 163 patients, 131 (80.4%) who had sufficient erection with

sildenafil left the treatment. The causes of discontinuation in these patients were the high price of the drug in

86 patients (%65.6), improvement of erection problem in 26 (%19.8), fear of asparagus news appearing in the

media in 12 patients (%9.2), and side effects of sildenafil in 7 patients (%5.3). Of sildenafil failed patients (n:

54), 12 (22.2%) accepted to try sildenafil 100 mg, 42 (77.8%) did not accept to try sildenafil 100 mg. The

reasons not to try sildenafil 100 mg for these patients were high prize in 20 patients (47.6%), consideration of

penile prosthesis in 2 patients (3.2%), side effects of sildenafil 50 mg in 13 patients (30.9%), nothing for 7

patients (16.7%). At the end of the treatment period, only 35 (16.1%) patients continued to use sildenafil 50 or

100 mg, 182 patients (83.9%) left the treatment due to different causes. These causes were high prize in 108

patients (59.3%), improvement of erection quality in 26 patients (14.3%), side effects in 20 patients (10.9%),

asparagus news in 12 patients (6.6%), inefficacy in 7 patients (3.8%), choosing other treatment alternatives in

2 patients (1.1%). The other 7 (3.8%) did not describe any cause. Side effects were headache in 15 patients

(6.9%), sweating in 12 patients (5.5%), visual problems in 6 patients (2.8%) and chest pain in 4 patients

(1.8%).

Conclusion: Although Sildenafil treatment is found very effective with acceptable side effects in the

treatment of ED regardless to the etiology, discontinuation of the drug is very high. In this study, 80.4% of the

patients in whom sildenafil treatment was successful left the treatment. The most important factor of this low

ratio is the difficulty of buying the drug due to economic problems.

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