Turkish Journal of Urology
UROONCOLOGY - Original Article

A hybrid technique of lap perineal pelvic lymphadenectomy after open radical perineal prostatectomy in localized carcinoma prostate: Our initial experience

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Department of Urology and Renal Transplant, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences & Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India

Turk J Urol 2021; 47: 386-391
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2021.21172
Read: 119 Downloads: 65 Published: 30 September 2021

Objective: The major disadvantage of radical perineal prostatectomy (RPP) is the difficulty to perform pelvic lymphadenectomy via the same incision. Open retropubic, mini laparotomy, and transperitoneal laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy as an adjunct to open RPP have been tried but need change in patient position and separate incision, thereby decreasing the acceptability of this procedure. Open RPP followed by a lap perineal pelvic lymphadenectomy via the same perineal incision is a hybrid technique that is aimed to decrease morbidity of lymphadenectomy.

Material and methods: Patients of low and intermediate risk localized carcinoma prostate with a Partin score of >5% were taken for this procedure. After completing prostatectomy part of RPP, lap perineal pelvic lymphadenectomy was performed via same incision using single incision laparoscopic surgery port. 

Results: We performed this new hybrid technique in eight patients. Bilateral lymph node dissection required an additional mean time of 35 minutes. A total of 68 nodes were retrieved from eight patients with a median number of eight nodes (range: 6-12). None of our cases had any complications related to lymphadenectomy. Bilateral lymph node dissection was feasible in seven patients, and in one patient, it could be done on one side only.

Conclusion: Sandwiching lap perineal pelvic lymphadenectomy between prostatectomy part of RPP and urethra-vesical anastomosis (by open approach) is a safe, reproducible, and feasible approach to pelvic lymphadenectomy compared to lymphadenectomy from other routes with simultaneous reduction in the operative time, patient morbidity, and discomfort. Ease of doing lymphadenectomy from same incision can increase the acceptability of this excellent procedure.

Cite this article as: Masood PF, Goel HK, Sharma U, Gahlawat S, Guleria K, Sood R. A hybrid technique of lap perineal pelvic lymphadenectomy after open radical perineal prostatectomy in localized carcinoma prostate: Our initial experience. Turk J Urol. 2021; 47(5): 386-391

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