ISSN 2149-3235 | E-ISSN 2149-3057
Original Article
Comparison of the outcomes of complete supine percutaneous nephrolithotomy in patients with radiopaque and radiolucent kidney stones
1 Urology Research Center, Razi Hospital, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran  
Turk J Urol 2017; 43: 490-496
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2017.14477
Key Words: Kidney stone; percutaneous nephrolithotomy; stone opacity; supine position
Abstract

Objective: This study compared the stone opacity effect in patients who had radiopaque and radiolucent stones in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) results.

 

Material and methods: The medical records of 171 complete supine PCNL procedures were gathered. Patients were categorized into two groups: those with radiopaque (n=141) and those with radiolucent (n=30) stones. Kidney, ureter and bladder x-ray was done a day after PCNL and Ultrasound imaging was done two weeks later to evaluate the stone free rate. A stone free result was defined as having less than 4 mm residual stone size. Outcome parameters were compared by univariate analysis and those which were significantly different between the two groups were assessed by multivariate binary logistic regression analysis.

 

Results: There were no significant differences in age, sex, body mass index, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, pre-surgery hemoglobin, pre-surgery serum creatinine, stone and also surgery-related parameters between the two groups. Stone free rate, surgery time, complication-related parameters, hemoglobin drop, serum creatinine and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) changes were similar in both groups based on univariate analysis. The radiopaque group had higher post-surgery GFR (p=0.04) and longer hospital stay (p=0.009). However, opacity had no effect on these outcomes after multivariate analysis. Higher post-surgery GFR was seen in patient with higher GFR before surgery (p<0.0001). Also, higher hemoglobin before surgery was correlated with less hospital stay (p=0.001).

 

 

Conclusion: The complete supine percutaneous nephrolithotomy outcomes are similar in patients with radiopaque and radiolucent stones.

 

 

Cite this article as: Falahatkar S, Mokhtari G, Amin A, Kazemnezhad E, Esmaeili S, Rastjou Herfeh N, et al. Comparison of the outcomes of complete supine percutaneous nephrolithotomy in patients with radiopaque and radiolucent kidney stones. Turk J Urol 2017; 43(4): 490-6

Key Words
Authors
All
Survey
AVES | Copyright © 2018 Turkish Association of Urology | Latest Update: 13.06.2018