ISSN 2149-3235 | E-ISSN 2149-3057
Original Article
Low free and bioavailable testosterone levels may predict pathologicallyproven high-risk prostate cancer: a prospective, clinical trial
1 Clinic of Urology, Şişli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
2 Clinic of Urology, Samsun Training and Research Hospital, Samsun, Turkey  
3 Clinic of Pathology, Şişli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
4 Department of Urology, İstinye University School of Medicine, Liv Hospital Ulus, İstanbul, Turkey  
5 Department of Urology, İstanbul Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
Turk J Urol 2017; 43: 289-296
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2017.35467
Key Words: Prostate cancer; prostate- specific antigen; radical prostatectomy; testosterone; transrectal prostate biopsy
Abstract

Objective: To determine the predictive value of free and bioavailable testosterone levels on the detection of high-grade prostate cancer proven by histopathological examination of transrectal prostate biopsy specimens.

 

Material and methods: A total of 405 patients who underwent transrectal prostate biopsy due to high prostatic specific antigen (PSA) (>2.5 ng/mL) and/or abnormal findings at digital rectal examination were included in this study. Blood free and bioavailable testosterone levels were calculated by the formula recommended by International Society for the Study of the Aging Male (ISSAM). The patients were stratified according to the D'Amico classification based on PSA levels and histological outcomes of prostate biopsies as benign, low, intermediate and high-risk prostate cancer. Patients were also divided into five groups according to the percentage of cancerous cores.

 

Results: Prostate cancer was detected in 160 of 405 (39.5%) patients. Total, free and bioavailable testosterone levels did not differ significantly between the patients with benign or malign histology. However, mean free (6.2 vs. 5.2 ng/dL, p=0.02) and bioavailable (151 vs. 125 ng/dL, p=0.001) testosterone levels were found to be significantly different in men with low-intermediate and high-risk prostate cancer. Moreover, a significant correlation was found between free, and bioavailable testosterone levels and percentage of cores with cancer (p=0.002 for free and p=0.016 for bioavailable testosaterone, respectively).

 

Conclusion: This prospective clinical study demonstrates that reduced levels of calculated blood free and bioavailable testosterone levels are associated with an increased risk of high-grade prostate cancer. Based on these findings blood free and bioavailable testosterone levels may be be thought to be an adjunctive factor in the prediction of high-risk prostate cancer.

 

Cite this article as: Bayar G, Şirin H, Aydın M, Özağarı A, Tanrıverdi O, Kadıhasanoğlu M, et al. Low free and bioavailable testosterone levels may predict pathologically-proven high-risk prostate cancer: a prospective, clinical trial. Turk J Urol 2017; 43: 289-96

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