ISSN 2149-3235 | E-ISSN 2149-3057
Original Article
Prognostic influence of 5 alpha reductase inhibitors in patients with localized prostate cancer under active surveillance
1 Department of Urology, Health of Sciences University, Kocaeli Derince Training and Research Hospital, Kocaeli, Turkey  
2 Department of Urology, Okan University, School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey  
3 Department of Urology, Kocaeli University School of Medicine, Kocaeli, Turkey  
Turk J Urol 2018; 44: 132-137
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2017.39660
Key Words: 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors; active surveillance; prostate cancer
Abstract

 

Objective: The incidence of prostate adenocarcinoma (PCa) is increased with the use of prostate-specific antigen (PSA). In the current study, we aimed to investigate the impact of 5- alpha- reductase inhibitors (5-ARI) on pathological progression in patients followed by active surveillance (AS).

 

Material and methods: Records of 69 patients with localized prostate cancer under AS (PSA ≤15 ng/mL, PSAD ≤0.20, ≤cT2c, Gleason sum ≤3+3, the number of cancer positive cores ≤3) were evaluated retrospectively. Patients were followed-up with quarterly PSA testing and semiannual digital rectal examination during the first 2 years, and semiannual PSA testing thereafter. Repeat biopsies were done annually and whenever indicated by clinical findings. Pathological progression was defined as increasing Gleason grade, number of cancer-positive cores, and/or increasing percentage of cancer in any core.

 

Results: Patients using (29/69: 42%) and not using (40/69: 58%) 5-ARI were followed for a median of 39 (IQR: 23-45) and 23.5 (IQR: 17-37.5) months, respectively. Pathological progression was observed in 32% (22/69) of the patients at a median of 25 (IQR: 18-39) months. Pathological progression was observed in 34.5% (10/29) and 30% (12/40) of the patients using and not using 5-ARI, respectively (Log-rank p=0.4151). Definitive treatment was done in 31% (9/29) and 47.5% (19/40) of the patients using and not using 5-ARI, respectively. Patients who did not use 5-ARI received definitive treatment earlier (Log-rank p=0.0342). On multivariate analysis, more than 2 cancer-positive cores (HR: 11.62) and age (HR=0.94) were independently associated with pathological progression (p<0.05), rather than 5-ARI use (p=0.148).

 

Conclusion: More than 2 cancer- positive cores at the initial biopsy was the strongest covariate associated with pathological progression; these patients should not be offered AS. There was no impact of 5-ARI use on pathological progression in AS.

 

Cite this article as: Özkan TA, Cebeci OÖ, Çevik İ, Dillioğlugil Ö. Prognostic influence of 5 alpha reductase inhibitors in patients with localized prostate cancer under active surveillance. Turk J Urol 2018; 44(2): 132-7.

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