ISSN 2149-3235 | E-ISSN 2149-3057
Original Article
Male infertility, azoozpermia and cryptozoospermia incidence among three infertility clinics in Turkey
1 Medipol University, International School of Medicine, REMER (Regenerative And Restorative Medicine Research Center), İstanbul, Turkey  
2 Medipol University School of Medicine, REMER (Regenerative And Restorative Medicine Research Center), İstanbul, Turkey  
3 Medicana Çamlıca Hospital, IVF Center, İstanbul, Turkey  
4 Florence Nightingale Hospital, IVF Unit, İstanbul, Turkey  
5 Reyap Hospital, IVF Unit, Tekirdağ, Turkey  
6 Department of Urology, University of Health Sciences, Haydarpaşa Numune Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
Turk J Urol 2018; 44: 109-113
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2018.59196
Key Words: Azoospermia; cryptozoospermia; infertility
Abstract

 

Objective: Semen parameters are directly correlated with the infertility of the male. Incidence rates of male factor infertility, azoospermia and cryptozoospermia differ according to many factors such as geographic region, age, occupation and body weight. The aim of the present study is to determine the incidence of male factor infertility, azoospermia and cryptozoospermia among patients who have been admitted to three separate infertility clinics in Turkey for infertility investigation and analyze the outcomes of these patients.

 

Material and methods: A total of 9733 men, who have been admitted to 3 infertility clinics in Turkey due to infertility between March 2011 and October 2016, were included in the study. Male infertility, azoozpermia and cryptozoospermia incidence were calculated according to WHO criteria.

 

Results: Male factor infertility was determined in 3114 (32%) of the patients including cases with azoospermia and cryptozoospermia. Azoospermia cases were observed in 570 (5.85%) and cryptozoospermia in 850 (8.73%) men. Azoospermic, and cryptozoospermic patients constitute 18.3%, and 27.2% of the male infertility cases. Sperm retrieval rates in diagnostic or oocyte pick-up plus testicular sperm extraction groups were found to be comparable (16.39%, and 41.3%, respectively).

 

Conclusion: The data obtained may help to estimate the number of in vitro fertilization cycles and testicular sperm extraction cases, to determine social security policies, and reproductive potential, and in the light of these data to establish social insurance policies. These data will help patients to decide on treatment alternatives, and guide the urologists about the issue.

 

Cite this article as: Karabulut S, Keskin İ, Kutlu P, Delikara N, Atvar Ö, Öztürk Mİ. Male infertility, azoozpermia and cryptozoospermia incidence among three infertility clinics in Turkey. Turk J Urol 2018; 44(2): 109-13.

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