ISSN 2149-3235 | E-ISSN 2149-3057
Invited Review
Animal ethics in laparoscopic urology training
1 Clinic of Urology, Konya Training and Research Hospital, Konya, Turkey  
2 Clinic of Anesthesiology, Türkiye Yüksek İhtisas Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey  
3 Clinic of Urology, Çankaya Hospital, Ankara, Turkey  
Turk J Urol 2017; 43: 429-433
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2017.74501
Key Words: Animal ethic; laparoscopy; urology; wet laboratory training

Laparoscopic urologic operating techniques are in widespread use throughout the world and because of various advantages, over the years they have virtually become a gold standard surgical intervention method. As laparoscopy is a painstaking technique to learn, the training consists of different stages. Within these stages of training, wet laboratory training where animals are used, is the most sensitive stage. The widespread use of experimental animals in medical research necessitated standardization and the establishment of certain regulations. This standardization and organization of laws and regulations started to be discussed in Europe approximately a century ago and have been established on a certain foundation. In this rewiev article, we discuss some important points and ethic rules about laparoscopic urologic training practiced on live animals.



Cite this article as: Gazel E, Özgök A, Bayraktar AM, Ergün O, Özgök Y. Animal ethics in laparoscopic urology training. Turk J Urol 2017; 43(4): 429-33.

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AVES | Copyright © 2018 Turkish Association of Urology | Latest Update: 08.10.2018