ISSN 2149-3235 | E-ISSN 2149-3057
Invited Review
Update on the novel management and future paternity situation in adolescents with varicocele
1 Department of Urology, Mersin University School of Medicine, Mersin, Turkey  
Turk J Urol 2017; 43: 241-246
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2017.01033
Key Words: Adolescents; fertility; microsurgery; paternity; varicocele
Abstract

Varicocele is a progressive disease, and the incidence of varicocele and varicocele related testicular hypotrophy increases with puberty. This review updates novel management and future paternity potential in adolescents with varicocele. Main goal of treatment of the adolescent varicoceles is preservation of fertility. Current recommendations for adolescent varicocele repair are testicular hypotrophy (>2 mL or >20%) on the affected side and/or impaired spermatogenesis in the post-pubertal period. The best treatment modality for adolescent varicocele should include elimination of the varicocele with lower complication rates. Microsurgical varicocelectomy techniques have been shown to result in fewer recurrences and postoperative complications than conventional varicocelectomy in adolescents. We conducted a meta-analysis, including 2 studies with the control groups, and reporting paternity situation after varicocele treatment. In this meta-analysis, varicocele repair increases paternity rate 2.42 times with a p value of 0.000. Adolescents with varicocele and their families should be counselled in the light of these findings.

 

Cite this article as: Çayan S, Bozlu M, Akbay E. Update on the novel management and future paternity situation in adolescents with varicocele. Turk J Urol 2017; 43: 241-6

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