ISSN 2149-3235 | E-ISSN 2149-3057
Systematic Review
Mystery and realities of phalloplasty: a systematic review
1 Department of Urology, Gülhane Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey  
2 St. Peter’s Andrology Centre and The Institute of Urology, University College London Hospitals, London, United Kingdom  
Turk J Urol 2017; 43: 229-236
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2017.14554
Key Words: Gender reassignment surgery; phalloplasty; penile reconstructive surgery; surgical flaps.

The neophallus creation is still a mystery and it remains challenging even today. In this article, we performed a comprehensive review of the literature regarding phalloplasty and penile reconstructive surgery between January 2008 and May 2016. In this review, we have included 15 research articles and the results of 276 patients were examined. Studies revealed several indications and when indications were reviewed, 191 patients were female-to-male transgender, 9 patients had disorder of sex development/micropenis, 16 had penile amputation/trauma, 9 had ambiguus genitalia, 40 had exstrophy and/or epispadias, 11 had other problems. As a result of this review, phalloplasty is a reliable and useful operation with good functional and aesthetical results.


Cite this article as: Sarıkaya S, Ralph DJ. Mystery and realities of phalloplasty: a systematic review. Turk J Urol 2017: 43: 229-36

Key Words
AVES | Copyright © 2018 Turkish Association of Urology | Latest Update: 13.06.2018