ISSN 2149-3235 | E-ISSN 2149-3057
Surgical Technique
Observational prospective study for surgical outcome and anesthetic feasibility of tubeless and totally tubeless supine PCNL: A single centre initial experience
1 Department of Urology, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata, India  
Turk J Urol ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2018.97345
Key Words: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy; renal calculus; supine position.
Abstract

 

Objective: To evaluate surgical outcome and spinal anesthetic feasibility of supine  percutaneous nephroli­thotomy (PCNL) by tubeless and totally tubeless method.

 

Material and methods: This observational study included a totally 53 patients. Initial diagnosis of renal stone was based on urinary ultrasonography, kidney, ureter and bladder X-ray, and later confirmed by computed tomography urography. PCNL was done with the patient in Galdakao-modified supine Valdivia position. Nephrostomy was not done using tubeless method, while in totally tubeless method instead of insertion of double j stent, ureteral catheterization was done and the ureter catheter was kept for <24 hours. During postprocedural period, patients were observed for development of fever, perinephric collection, need for blood transfusion and duration of hospital stay. 

 

Results: Patients aged between 14 and 75 years were included in the study. Out of totally 53 patients, supine tubeless PCNL was done in 23 patients while 30 were operated using totally tubeless method. Twenty-nine patients were induced by spinal anesthesia and 24 by general anesthesia. Stone sizes were found to be in the range of 1.4cm to 5.1 cm. Forty-six (86.7%) patients were managed by inferior calyceal puncture. Three patients required double puncture in whom 2 had developed perinephric collection. Complete stone clearance achieved in 49 (92.4%) patients. Four patients developed fever and 2 cases required one unit blood transfusion postoperatively.

 

Conclusion: Tubeless and totally tubeless supine PCNL is technically feasible with good surgical outcomes and can be done under spinal and general anesthesia in properly selected patients.

 

Cite this article as: Gupta S, Maurya AK, Pal DK. Observational prospective study for surgical outcome and anesthetic feasibility of tubeless and totally tubeless supine PCNL: A single centre initial experience. Turk J Urol 2018. DOI: 10.5152/tud.2018.97345

 

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