ISSN 2149-3235 | E-ISSN 2149-3057
Original Article
Comparison of ureteroscopic pneumatic lithotripsy and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for the management of proximal ureteral stones: A single center experience
1 Department of Urology, Shifa International Hospital Islamabad, Islamabad, Pakistan  
2 Shifa College of Medicine, Islamabad, Pakistan  
Turk J Urol 2018; 44: 221-227
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2018.41848
Key Words: Complications; proximal ureter stone; stone-free rate; ESWL; URS.
Abstract

 

Objective: To evaluate and compare the effectiveness of ureteroscopic (URS) pneumatic lithotripsy versus extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) in the management of the proximal ureteral stones in terms of stone- free rates, complications and costs involved.

 

Material and methods: We included 200 patients in Group 1 who underwent ESWL and 200 patients in Group 2 who underwent URS intervention. We used Modulith SL X lithotripter 3rd generation Storz medical for ESWL group while Swiss pneumatic lithoclast was used to break the stone in the URS group. Stone-free status was defined as stone fragment of less than 4 mm on follow- up kidney ureter and bladder X-ray  after 3 months of procedure. SPSS version 16 was used for statistical analysis.

 

Results: The mean age in ESWL and URS groups were 39.21±13.36, and 43.13±13.65 years respectively. Mean stone size was 10.47±3.7 mm (ESWL) and 13.6±6.6 mm (URS). Stone- free rate after single procedure was (125/200 patients) 62.5% for ESWL and (168/200 patients) 84% for URS group (p=0.001). Complications included post procedure sepsis in 3 (1.5%) patient of ESWL, while 7 (3.5%) patients of URS groups. Steinstrasse was seen in 4 (2%) patients of ESWL group. No mortality was seen in both groups. Mean costs for ESWL were US $320±50 while US $1100±150 for URS group (p=0.001).

 

Conclusion: The stone-free rates after single procedure were significantly higher for the URS group while the complication rates were comparable in both groups. Treatment costs were significantly lower for the ESWL group.

 

Cite this article as: Iqbal N, Malik Y, Nadeem U, Khalid M, Pirzada A, Majeed M, et al. Comparison of ureteroscopic pneumatic lithotripsy and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for the management of proximal ureteral stones: A single center experience. Turk J Urol 2018; 44(3): 221-7.

Key Words
Authors
All
Survey
AVES | Copyright © 2018 Turkish Association of Urology | Latest Update: 27.04.2018