ISSN 2149-3235 | E-ISSN 2149-3057
Original Article
Scrotal ultrasonographic findings in obese infertile patients and their correlations to semen and hormonal profile
1 Department of Dermatology and Andrology, Assiut University School of Medicine, Assiut, Egypt  
2 Department of Radiology, Sohag University School Medicine, Sohag, Egypt  
3 Department of Radiology, Assiut University School of Medicine, Assiut, Egypt  
4 Department of Urology, Sohag University Hospital, Sohag, Egypt  
Turk J Urol ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2018.91586
Key Words: Body mass index; infertility; ultrasound
Abstract

 

Objective: The aim of this prospective study was to compare scrotal ultrasonographic findings in obese and normal weight infertile men and correlate these findings with semen parameters and hormonal profile.

 

Material and methods: A total of 188 men presented for infertility evaluation were included in this study. They were divided according to body mass indices into obese (n=96) and normal weight infertile patients (n=92). Basic infertility evaluation, semen analysis and scrotal duplex ultrasound examination in addition to measurement of serum levels of follicular stimulating hormone, testosterone and estradiol were done for all cases. The ratio between testicular size measured by scrotal ultrasound and body mass index were calculated.

 

Results: Any significant differences were not observed in semen parameters, serum levels of follicular stimulating hormone and testosterone between obese and normal weight infertile men. Serum estradiol level was significantly higher in obese than normal weight infertile men. There is significant increase in subclinical varicocele, hydrocele and testicular microlithiasis detected by scrotal ultrasound in obese infertile men than nonobese patients. Despite having comparable testicular size detected on scrotal ultrasound, infertile obese men had significantly lower total testicular volume to body mass index ratio and this ratio correlated positively with semen volume, sperm concentration, total sperm count and serum testosterone but negatively with serum follicular stimulating hormone and estradiol levels.

 

Conclusion: We therefore conclude that the incidence of subclinical varicocele, hydrocele and testicular microlithiasis was higher in obese infertile patients and the ratio between testicular volume assessed by scrotal ultrasound and body mass index may be a new parameter that correlates with subfertility status in these men.

 

Cite this article as: Taha EA, Algahny H, Zidan M, Hafez A, Farag FF. Scrotal ultrasonographic findings in obese infertile patients and their correlations to semen and hormonal profile. Turk J Urol 2018. DOI: 10.5152/tud.2018.91586.

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